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Latin America Trade Bulletin

9/7/2018
 

Argentina

 
All exports from Argentina to face 12 percent duty
In an effort to increase tax revenues to stem a deepening financial crisis, the Argentinean government has established a 12 percent duty on all exports for consumption, subject to certain limits. Certain soy products will face an export duty ranging from 11 percent to 18 percent in addition to the general 12 percent tariff. This measure will be in place through Dec. 31, 2020.
[
Decree 793/2018]
 
Ethyl alcohol subject to non-automatic import licensing
In an effort to accurately measure ongoing trade flows, Argentinean authorities have added undenatured ethyl alcohol of an alcoholic strength by volume of 80 percent or higher to the list of imported products subject to non-automatic licensing through April 30, 2019. The current list includes a broad range of products, such as textiles, apparel, footwear, and various other consumer goods.
[
Resolution 507/2018]
 
Registration process to export tobacco to U.S. announced
Argentina has announced the process that companies interested in exporting tobacco to the U.S. must follow to take advantage of the 10,750 ton tariff-rate quota in place for such shipments, which runs from Sept. 13 to Sept. 12 of every year.
[
Resolution 17/2018]
 
AD actions on microwave ovens, sunglasses/corrective glasses

- new sunset and changed circumstances reviews of the antidumping duty order on microwave ovens from China
[Resolution 348/2018]
- determination that imports of sunglasses that are either (1) exported to Argentina by Taiwan’s Hsien Chang Optical Industrial Co. Ltd. or (2) exported to Argentina by Uruguay’s Kerview S.A. and made by Taiwan’s Contour Optik Inc. are not circumventing the AD duty order on subject goods from China
[
Resolution 511/2018]
[Resolution 512/2018]
- determination that imports of corrective glasses exported to Argentina by Taiwan’s Contour Optik Inc. are not circumventing the AD duty order on subject goods from China
[
Resolution 513/2018]
 
 

Brazil

 
Duties on additional products modified
Brazilian authorities have announced the addition of a range of products to a list of foreign capital goods and information technology and telecommunications goods that benefit from duty-free treatment under the Ex-Tarifario regime, down from 14 or 16 percent. Brazil has also adopted changes to the Mercosur common external tariff and is seeking input on several proposed changes to the tariff. Finally, TRQs have been established on imports of hop cones, phenylenediamine, acrylic/modacrylic filament tow, dengue vaccines, hazelnuts, and rayon yarn to correct a lack of supply in the Brazilian market.  
[
CAMEX Resolution 57/2018]
[
CAMEX Resolution 58/2018]
[
CAMEX Resolution 60/2018]
[CAMEX Resolution 61/2018]
[
SECEX Circular 35/2018]
 
Deal on auto sector regulatory convergence signed with Argentina
The memorandum of understanding sets forth a timeline for the two sides to unify their respective technical provisions in the area of safety, sound and greenhouse gas emissions, energy efficiency, and automotive parts.

[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]
 
Amendments to double taxation agreement with Argentina approved
[
Decree 9482/2018]
 
No provisional measures in AD probe of PET film from Bahrain and Peru
[
CAMEX Resolution 59/2018]
 
 

Colombia

 
Dairy products may be exported to Mexico
Mexico has approved a new phytosanitary protocol that will allow the importation of dairy products made in 13 plants in Colombia. Covered products include mozzarella cheese, white cheese, whole and skim milk in powder form, whey powder, whole yogurt, industrial milk powder, canned condensed milk, dulce de leche, and strawberry and vanilla flavored milk.

[Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism]
 
Price undertaking under consideration in AD probe of citric acid from China
The minimum CIF price under this price agreement would be set at US$0.99/kg.
[
Resolution 213/2018]
 
 

Mexico

 
Preliminary trade deal reached with U.S.
The White House announced Aug. 27 that the U.S. has secured a preliminary trade agreement in principle with Mexico that modernizes and rebalances the bilateral trade relationship. The agreement has new rules of origin for cars, light trucks, and auto parts that raise the required regional value to qualify as originating from 62.5 percent to 75 percent. In addition, 40 to 45 percent of automotive value would have to be made by auto workers making at least US$16 per hour. There is also a new textiles chapter that would (1) limit certain rules that currently allow for some use of non-NAFTA-originating inputs in textile and apparel trade and (2) require that sewing thread, pocketing fabric, narrow elastic bands, and coated fabric used in apparel production originate in the region for the apparel to qualify for preferential duty treatment.
[
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative]
 
Rule of origin exception for apparel from Colombia implemented
The free trade agreement between Mexico and Colombia includes a temporary provision whereby Mexico affords preferential duty treatment to imports of textile and apparel goods wholly made in Colombia from certain non-originating fibers and yarns. Mexico recently announced that this temporary exception to the agreement’s rules of origin will be applied from Sept. 4, 2018, through Sept. 3, 2020, to certain knit and woven apparel made with certain non-originating cotton yarn and synthetic filament yarn, subject to specific limits.
[
Notice issued Aug. 29]
 
Coffee TRQ allocation procedures modified
In-quota imports benefit from duty-free treatment while out-of-quota goods are subject to the regular MFN duty rate of 45 percent.
[
Agreement issued Aug. 27]
 
AD actions on aluminum foil, chicken products, cold-rolled steel
- new AD duty investigation of
aluminum foil of a thickness not exceeding 0.2 millimeters from China
[Resolution issued Aug. 28]
- renewal for five years (along with continued suspension) of AD duty order on chicken legs and thighs from the U.S.
[
Resolution issued Aug. 27]
- new review of price undertaking agreed by POSCO and Hyundai Hysco Co. Ltd. in December 2013 as part of the AD proceeding involving cold-rolled steel from Korea
[
Resolution issued Aug, 23]
 
Deal with Guatemala on illicit trade in chemical precursors implemented
[
Decree issued Aug. 31, 2018]
 
 

Peru

 
Additional 10 percent duty on Colombian products suspended
Following a decision by the Colombian government to gradually dismantle its restrictions on rice imports from Peru, the Peruvian government has rescinded its additional 10 percent duty on 10 Colombian products classified under HTSPE 1107.10.0000,  2309.90.2000, 1701.14.0000, 1701.99.9000, 1704.90.1000, 1704.90.9000, 1806.90.0000, 1901.90.9000, 2101.11.0000, and 2106.90.7900.

[Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism]
 
New import requirements for various products
Peru has established new phytosanitary requirements for (1) flaxseed from the U.S. state of North Dakota, (2) in vitro orchid plants from the U.S., (3) bovine blood products from Bolivia, (4) in vitro banana and plantain plants from Egypt, and (5) peach and damask in vitro plants and cuttings from Argentina. Imports must be accompanied by an official sanitary or phytosanitary certificate issued by the relevant authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[
R.D. Nº 0022-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
[R.D. Nº 0023-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
[R.D. Nº 0026-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
[
R.D. Nº 0027-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
[
R.D. Nº 0028-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]