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Latin America Trade Bulletin: AEO, Import Licensing, Tariffs

2/8/2018
 

Argentina

 
Import licensing requirements modified
Argentina has issued an updated list of imported products subject to non-automatic licensing, which include certain cooking appliances, dishwashing machines, clothes washers, machinery and mechanical appliances, heaters, toys, footwear, textiles and apparel, headwear, travel goods, iron and steel articles, hand tools, tires, chemicals, herbicides, plastic products, furniture, ceramic flags and paving, and motor vehicles, among many others. Imports for consumption of goods not subject to non-automatic licensing still require an automatic license for customs clearance.
[
Resolution 5/2018]
 
Temporary importation regulations updated, AEO pilot implemented
Argentina has updated its regulations and procedures on the utilization of the temporary import regime, with the exception of the special regime for goods temporarily imported for further manufacture. Separately, the government has implemented a pilot under the authorized economic operator program for users of the in-factory customs regime that wish to join the program.
[
General Resolution 4197/2018]
[
General Resolution 4200/2018]
 
Radioactivity requirements for imports from Japan rescinded
Argentina’s Ministry of Health will no longer require a sworn declaration or an official radioactivity analysis for imports from the Japanese prefectures of Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Chiba, Kanagawa, Miyagi, and Iwate. These requirements were established in the aftermath of a March 2011 accident at the Fukushima nuclear plant.
[
Resolution 177/2018]
 
AD actions on ceramic flags and paving, sunglasses
- initiation of sunset and changed circumstances reviews of AD duty order on Chinese unglazed and unvarnished ceramic flags and paving of “porcelanate” or “porcelain” (imports currently subject to specific duty of US$12.20/m2 (polished ceramic flags and paving) or US$8.77/m2 (unpolished merchandise))
[
Resolution 21/2018]
- determination that imports of certain sunglasses classified under NCM 9004.10.00 and exported to Argentina by Taiwan’s Hibiscus Industrial Co. Ltd. are not circumventing the AD duty order on sunglasses from China
[
Disposition 2/2018]
 
Calculation of import credit in Brazil auto agreement revised
[
Boletin Oficial]
 
 

Brazil

 
Process to request exemptions to common external tariff simplified
Under the new process, requests will have to be submitted electronically together with any relevant technical documentation and/or catalogues. An additional form is required if a new tariff breakout needs to be created for the product in question. These documents must be accompanied by a letter signed by the legal representative of the petitioning company or entity together with the applicable power of attorney. A technical group will examine the requests and will normally issue a recommendation within 90 days, although that timeline may be extended by an additional 90 days.
[
Brazil’s Foreign Trade Chamber (CAMEX)]
 
Changes to AEO program implemented
With these changes, the government is seeking to simplify and improve the certification of AEO participants. Brazilian authorities have said any modifications to the program would adhere to the parameters of the World Customs Organization’s SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade.
[
Normative Instruction RFB 1785/2018]
 
Single window drawback functionality expanded
Effective Jan. 26, all export operations carried out through the electronic single window for trade operations may take advantage of the suspensive duty drawback regime. This newly-added functionality covers export operations where the exporter is not the direct beneficiary of the drawback mechanism. The main beneficiaries are expected to be suppliers of exporting companies in the automotive, chemical, and machinery and equipment sectors.

[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]
 
Import duties lowered
Brazil has established tariff-rate quotas on imports of the following products to correct a lack of supply in the domestic market.
 
- up to 910,000 tons of anhydrous disodium sulfate for the manufacture of powder detergents classified under NCM 2833.11.10 (two percent duty for 12 months)
- up to of 2,937 tons of aluminum alloy sheet and strip classified under NCM 7606.12.90 (two percent duty for 12 months)
- up to of 2,137 tons of aluminum foil classified under NCM 7607.11.90 (two percent duty for 12 months)
[
CAMEX Resolution 3/2018]
 
The government has also set a TRQ allowing the duty-free importation of up to of US$203.82 million worth of goods intended for scientific and technology research activities by duly authorized persons and entities.  
[
Finance Ministry Directive 39/2018]
 
Duty modifications under consideration for 31 products
Affected goods include a range of chemical inputs as well as certain polyester yarn, safety glass, synthetic rubber, polymers of styrene, compound plasticizers, iron and steel products, machine tools, and batteries.

[Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]
 
Temporary duty-free treatment for theme park equipment, other products
- cable car cabins with an aluminum frame and polycarbonate closures classified under NCM 8431.39.00 and inputs for water slides and recreation stations classified under NCM 9508.90.90
[
CAMEX Resolution 1/2018]
- daclatasvir dihydrochloride classified under NCM 3004.90.69 and dasatinib classified under NCM 3004.90.79
[
CAMEX Resolution 4/2018]
 
AD actions on steel products, ceramic tableware, milk
- final affirmative AD determination on hot-rolled flat-rolled products of alloy or non-alloy steel, of a width of 600 mm or greater, in plates of a thickness of less than 4.75 mm or in coils of any thickness, from China and Russia (application of AD measures suspended for one year due to public interest reasons)
[
CAMEX Resolution 2/2018]
- amended price agreement for imports of ceramic tableware made in China by companies belonging to the China Ceramics Industrial Association and exported to Brazil directly or through a trading company
[
SECEX Circular 6/2018]
- initiation of sunset review of AD duty orders on milk in powder or granular form from the European Union and New Zealand
[
SECEX Circular 7/2018]
 
 

Chile

 
AEO program implemented
Participation will initially be limited to exporters and customs agents but will subsequently be expanded to importers, shippers, ports, and other trade operators. The AEO certification process will include a documentary and customs compliance assessment followed by verification visits.
[
Chilean Customs]
 
Imports of live birds from Spain temporarily suspended
The suspension will not be lifted until Chilean authorities receive an official assessment from their Spanish counterparts and are satisfied that any sanitary risks have been properly addressed.
[
Exempt Resolution 64/2018]
 
 

Mexico

 
U.S. safeguard actions on washers and solar cells to be challenged
The Mexican government has said it will use all legal remedies at its disposal to ensure the U.S. complies with its international obligations after President Trump decided to impose safeguard duties on imports of large residential washers and solar cells and modules. The Ministry of Economy described as “unfortunate” Trump’s decision not to exclude Mexican products from the safeguard on washers against the advice of the U.S. International Trade Commission.
[
Ministry of Economy]
 
Allocation procedures for NAFTA textile and apparel exports modified
Mexico has amended the allocation procedures for certain non-NAFTA-originating textile and apparel products imported from or exported to the U.S. and Canada under a trade preference level. Among other things, a new public bidding mechanism has been introduced and the amounts to be allocated in 2018 and beyond under the direct allocation and first-come/first-served mechanisms have been modified.
[
Agreement issued Jan. 29, 2018]
 
AD actions on polyester staple fiber, graphite electrodes
- initiation of AD duty investigation of short-fiber polyester staple fiber from China
[
Resolution issued Feb. 6, 2018]
- sunset review decision to rescind AD duty order on Chinese graphite electrodes for electric arc furnaces
[
Resolution issued Jan. 15, 2018]
 
 

Peru

 
AEO program continues to grow
Authorities have added 19 companies to Peru’s AEO program, bringing the total number of participants to 67. Peru recently introduced a number of changes to this program in an effort to further increase its attractiveness and encourage participation.

[National Customs and Tax Administration Superintendence]
[
Supreme Decree No. 018-2018-EF]
 
PromPerĂș launches program to internationalize companies through tenders
The program will train at least 20 Peruvian companies from the service sector with export experience to apply successfully to different projects executed by the Inter-American Development Bank, the Development Bank of Latin America, the World Bank, and the United Nations.
[
Gestion]
 
New import requirements for stevia plants, reptiles from U.S.
Imports must be accompanied by an official sanitary or phytosanitary certificate issued by the relevant U.S. authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[
R.D. Nº 0001-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
[
R.D. Nº 0001-2018-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSV]
 
 

Region

 
Pacific Alliance holds second round of trade talks with four countries
Discussions covered such topics as market access, rules of origin, customs issues, technical barriers to trade, regulatory coherence, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, cooperation, gender issues, and small and medium-sized enterprises. If these negotiations are successful, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and Singapore will become associate members of the Pacific Alliance.
[
Peru Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism]