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Latin America Trade Bulletin: Imports, Tariffs, Air Cargo, Trade Deals



Goods no longer required to be processed by specialized customs ports
The requirement was established in August 2005 for a broad range of products, including textiles, apparel, footwear, travel goods, and toys, to enhance customs oversight and reduce contraband activities and tax evasion. It has now been rescinded to avoid unjustified supply chain delays.

General Resolution 4097-E/2017
Deal signed with Brazil to end double taxation in services trade
Argentinean exporters of accounting, legal, architectural, engineering, audiovisual, advertising, information technology, consulting, research and development, and various other services to Brazil will be able to make certain profits tax deductible to reduce their overall tax bill and increase their competitiveness.

Ministry of Production
Reduced tariff imports of electric vehicles must be requested
Automotive companies interested in importing hybrid or electric vehicles or fuel cells at reduced tariff rates of zero to five percent must present a quota request to the National Directorate of Industry. A maximum of 6,000 vehicles can be imported at reduced rates per year.

EU postpones reduction of AD duties on Argentine biofuel
The reduction of the 24.6 percent duties that have been struck down by the World Trade Organization has been delayed until September.

New requirements for importers of low-voltage electrical equipment
Importers of products that were previously certified but need to be adapted to the domestic connector geometry and/or plug-cable connector requirements must submit an application to the relevant agency. Once the importer receives a positive response it may request Argentinean Customs to release the goods “with no right to use” so they can be adapted to domestic requirements. Argentina is also allowing the importation of laptops, handheld computers, camcorders, and cameras that have a duly certified connector as well as connectors with other geometries as long as the power cord includes a connector certified in accordance with IEC 60320.

Disposition 1150/2017
Mandatory safety requirements established for aluminum radiators
No later than Oct. 2, importers and domestic producers of aluminum radiators and elements or sections thereof used in hot water or vapor heating systems must submit to the relevant authorities proof that they have begun the process to certify their products in accordance with all applicable requirements.

Resolution 599/2017
AD actions on saw blades, metal guards, porcelain flags and tiles, plates/sheets/film
- Argentina has renewed for five years its AD duty order on straight rapid steel and bimetal steel saw blades classified under NCM 8202.91.00 and 8202.99.90 from Sweden. Imports from SNA Europe (Industries) AB and SNA Europe (Services) AB will continue to face an AD duty of US$0.28 per unit.
Resolution 331/2017
Argentina has moved to the final phase of its AD duty investigations of the following products without imposing any provisional measures.
- plates, sheets, film, foil, and strip exclusively of poly(methyl methacrylate) classified under NCM 3920.5100 and 3926.9090 from Brazil and China

Resolution 589/2017
- metal guards of the kind used in fans with a self-enclosed electric motor, with a diameter greater than 400 mm, classified under NCM 8414.90.20 from China and Taiwan
Resolution 591/2017
- porcelain flags and tiles classified under NCM 6907.90.00 and 6908.90.00 from Brazil, India, Malaysia, and Vietnam and porcelain flags and tiles classified under NCM 6908.90.00 from China
Resolution 596/2017
Four AD duty orders on various products from China and one AD duty order on saw blades from India will expire within the next six months.

Disposition 40/2017
Export reimbursements for certain goods approved for one year

Boletin Oficial


The return of the additional one percent Cofins import tax rate

Duty-free treatment for capital and IT goods approved
Brazil’s Foreign Trade Chamber (CAMEX) has approved a proposal to provide duty-free treatment, rather than a reduced two percent duty, to new foreign capital goods and information technology and telecommunications goods added to the Ex-Tarifario regime, a special import program for goods not domestically produced.

Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services
New regulation aims to help SMEs use trade remedies
The regulation sets forth new procedures concerning the treatment of fragmented industries (those with a particularly large number of domestic producers) in trade remedy investigations.

Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services
Duty-free treatment extended to two products
Saturated ethane classified under NCM 2901.10.00 was previously subject to a two percent duty, while aliphatic polyisocyanate based on hexamethylene diisocyanate, presented in liquid form, classified under NCM 3911.9029 previously faced a 14 percent duty.

CAMEX Resolution 55/2017
CAMEX Resolution 57/2017


Beef imports from Colombia temporarily banned
The ban on fresh, refrigerated, and frozen beef from Colombia was imposed because that country is now considered not to be free of foot-and-mouth disease with vaccination.

Exempt Resolution 4028/2017
Modified requirements for imported seeds and propagative plant material
Imports of Calibrachoa spp., Cortaderia selloana, Euphorbia hypericifolia, and Sutera cordata seeds must now be accompanied by an official phytosanitary certificate without any additional declarations.

Exempt Resolution 1043/2017
In addition, imports of the pollen species Helleborus spp. from the European Union must be accompanied by an official phytosanitary certificate without any additional declarations. 

Exempt Resolution 3912/2017


New trade deal signed with Mercosur
The agreement will reportedly provide preferential duty treatment to a range of products, including textiles, cars, and agrochemicals. It also consolidates and enhances the trade preferences already provided under the current bilateral economic complementation agreement known as ACE 59.
Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services
Duty-free treatment for used agricultural machinery
To qualify for this treatment, which will be in place for two years, the machinery must be classified under certain tariff lines and be between one and seven years old.

Decree 1280/2017
AD actions on potatoes, steel sinks
Colombia has initiated an AD investigation of potatoes prepared or preserved otherwise than by vinegar or acetic acid, frozen, classified under HTSCO 2004.10.0000, from Belgium, Germany, and the Netherlands.
Resolution 121/2017 (not available)
Colombia has established a provisional AD measure in the form of a minimum FOB price of US$4.57 per kilogram on stainless steel sinks and wash basins weighing eight kilograms or less, classified under 7324.10.00, from China. This measure will be in place until Jan. 26, 2018.

Resolution 117/2017


Standards for mobile terminal equipment under consideration
Mexico is seeking input by Sept. 15 on a proposal that would set new mandatory standards for mobile terminal equipment that can use the radio spectrum or can be connected to telecommunications networks.

AD/CV sunset reviews on chicken legs and thighs, coaxial cable, dicloxacillin
Mexico has initiated sunset reviews of the AD and/or CV duty orders on the following products.
- chicken legs and thighs classified under HTSMX 0207.13.03 and 0207.14.04 from the U.S.  
Resolution issued Aug. 2, 2017
- radio guide coaxial cable classified under HTSMX 8544.20.01, 8544.20.02, and 8544.20.99 from China
Resolution issued Aug. 7, 2017
- dicloxacillin sodium classified under HTSMX 2941.10.08 from India
Resolution issued Aug. 8, 2017


New air cargo inspection equipment intended to facilitate trade
The National Customs and Tax Administration Superintendence (SUNAT) recently inaugurated an electronic air cargo control center that will screen air cargo imported into and exported from Peru through the Jorge Chavez International Airport. The new center will use a state-of-the-art pallet scanner to perform non-intrusive inspections of shipments selected in accordance with risk-based criteria.
National Customs and Tax Administration Superintendence
Improvements to export process and AEO program under consideration
SUNAT is considering (a) a new export process that would allow companies to export their goods directly from their establishments and (b) ways to strengthen the authorized economic operator program by providing greater benefits and incorporating ports and airports. The AEO program currently has 49 certified participants with total exports of more than US$1.5 billion in 2016.

National Customs and Tax Administration Superintendence

Updated import requirements for agricultural products
Peru has rescinded a December 2016 regulation that established new phytosanitary risk categories for plant imports and replaced it with a list of regulated agricultural products together with their applicable risk category, type of processing, and tariff classification. 

R.J. Nº 0096-2017-MINAGRI-SENASA


Economic emergency decree extended for 60 days
Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro has extended for 60 days (through mid-September) the state of national economic emergency that gives him wide powers to implement a range of measures. Among other things, the decree allows the president to:
- adopt all necessary exceptional and temporary regulations to guarantee the production and distribution of strategic items;
- authorize commercialization and distribution operations in border areas under special regimes;
- establish administrative structures and issue regulations aimed at guaranteeing the timely, efficient, and fair production and distribution of food products and raw materials as well as agricultural, industrial, pharmaceutical, personal hygiene, and household products and inputs; and
- activate, promote, and optimize the operation of a system to determine costs, performance, and fair prices

Decree 2987/2017



UK to wait for conclusion of EU-Mercosur FTA to seek own agreement
British finance minister Philip Hammond said a future Mercosur pact with the United Kingdom could be more ambitious than one being negotiated with the European Union because “the UK is more open to free trade than some of our partners in the EU.”