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Latin America Trade Bulletin: Tariff Cuts, Cargo Security, Trade Agreements

5/4/2018
 
Argentina
 
New criterion values adopted
Argentinean authorities have a longstanding practice of setting reference/criterion values for a broad range of imported goods, purportedly to prevent the under-invoicing of imports. The latest example includes two administrative notices setting new criterion values for boilers, certain polypropylene filament yarn, woven fabrics obtained from strip or the like, and certain sacks and bags of a kind used for the packing of goods from a range of countries. Imports with a declared value lower than the criterion value require payment of a guarantee equivalent to the difference in duties to be paid on the declared value and the criterion value.

[General Resolution 4230/2018]
[
General Resolution 4231/2018]
 
AD actions on motorcycle parts, dishwashers, cutlery, lighting devices

- initiation of AD duty investigation of single body shock absorbers, including shock absorber spring assemblies, of the kind used in motorcycles and cycles fitted with an auxiliary motor, with or without side-cars, from China
[Resolution 235/2018]
 
- new AD duty orders on (1) household dishwashers from China (54 percent duty) and Turkey (33 percent duty) and (2) stainless steel cutlery with a plastic or wooden handle from China (48 percent duty) and Brazil (duties of 5.37 percent to 47.19 percent)
[
Resolution 173/2018]
[
Resolution 176/2018]
 
- termination of AD investigation of emergency lighting devices from China with no measures
[
Resolution 237/2018]
 
 
Brazil
 
Duties lowered on various products
Brazil has lowered from 14 percent to two percent the import duty on industrial fatty lauryl alcohol classified under NCM 3823.70.20. Additionally, tariff-rate quotas have been established on imports of the following products to correct a lack of supply in the Brazilian market. Subject goods will benefit from a reduced two percent duty for 12 months.
 
- up to 7,200 tons of unalloyed nickel cathodes classified under NCM 7502.10.10
- up to of 8,000 tons of anatase titanium oxide classified under NCM 2823.00.10
- up to of 224,785 tons of palm kernel oil classified under NCM 1513.29.10
- up to 500 voltage switches classified under NCM 8535.90.00
[
CAMEX Resolution 26/2018]
[
CAMEX Resolution 27/2018]
 
Proposal to lower duties on chemicals under consideration
Brazilian authorities are seeking input from interested parties by May 30 on a proposal to lower from 10, 12, or 14 percent to two percent the import duty on a range of chemicals of HS chapters 28 and 29.
[
SECEX Circular 17/2018]
 
Requirements established for cargo security devices for goods in transit
Brazil has issued a regulation setting forth the characteristics and technical elements required of cargo security devices for goods in transit as well as goods entered under a similar customs regime. Among other things, the regulation includes provisions regarding general device characteristics and testing requirements.
[
Executive Act 8/2018]
 
Brazil declines to initiate AD probe of carbon steel tube from China
Among other things, Brazilian authorities did not find a causal link between imports of subject goods and injury to a domestic industry.
[
SECEX Circular 16/2018]
 
 
Chile
 
New agreement seeks to make trade with Argentina more flexible
[
Telam]
 
 
Colombia
 
New technical requirements for batteries
Colombia recently issued new mandatory technical requirements for zinc-carbon and alkaline batteries classified under HTSCO 8506.10.1100, 8506.10.1900, 8506.10.9110, 8506.10.9190, and 8506.10.9900, with the exception of rechargeable batteries, button cell batteries, and batteries entered as non-commercial samples. Effective from 19 January 2019, subject batteries will have to comply with specific provisions regarding physical defects, dimensions, rated voltage, minimum average life expectancy, designation, labeling, and conformity assessment.
[Joint Resolution 721/2018] (link not available at this time)
 
 
Mexico
 
Updated FTA with EU agreed
According to the European Commission, practically all bilateral trade in goods will now be duty-free, including in the agricultural sector. Additionally, simpler customs procedures are expected to benefit a range of sectors, such as pharmaceuticals, machinery, and transport equipment. The two sides have also adopted provisions to tackle corruption in the private and public sectors and committed to effectively implement their obligations under the Paris Agreement on climate change.
[
European Commission’s Trade Directorate]
 
Mexico ratifies Asia-Pacific trade deal
Mexico recently became the first country to ratify the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership, which incorporates by reference the obligations (rules and market access outcomes) contained in the original TPP except for a list of 22 provisions whose application the parties have agreed to suspend upon entry into force of the agreement. The other CPTPP members are Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, and Vietnam.
[
Ministry of Economy]