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Latin America Trade Bulletin: Tariffs, Exports, FTAs,

12/28/2017
 

Argentina

 
Exporters could benefit from lower Chinese tariffs
Effective Dec. 1, China temporarily lowered tariffs on 187 products it does not produce or of which it is a net importer, including dairy products, infant formula, jams and jellies, mineral water, vermouth, wine, and whiskey.
[
iProfesional]
 

New quality and safety requirements for imported plywood
Subject goods must adhere to the provisions of standard IRAM 9506 and be marked with (i) the species (botanical name) of the plywood faces, (ii) the country of origin, and (iii) a safety seal. Domestic producers and importers must submit proof to the relevant authorities no later than Jan. 27 of the initiation of a certification process prior to the commercialization or customs clearance, as applicable, of their plywood.
[
Resolution 900/2017]
 
Egypt allows imports of bovines from Argentina
The Egyptian government has accepted the sanitary certificate that authorizes the entry of bovines and buffaloes for breeding from Argentina.
[
Clarin]
 
Duty on biodiesel exports amended
Effective Jan. 1 the duty on biodiesel exports classified under NCM 3826.00.00, which is currently based on a formula that considers a reference price as well as total costs and a return on capital, will be replaced with an eight percent duty. The price of the biodiesel will be determined by the Ministry of Energy and Mining.
[
Decree 1025/2017]
 
Requirements for export certificates for timber forest products
To obtain a CITES export certificate or permit for timber forest products of the Palo Santo species (Bulnesia sarmientoi) duly registered operators must submit an affidavit that describes and attaches specified documents.
[
Boletin Oficial]
 
 

Brazil

 
Duties on more than a thousand products modified
Brazilian authorities recently announced the addition of 1,116 items to a list of foreign capital goods and information technology and telecom goods that benefit from duty-free treatment under the Ex-Tarifario regime, down from 14 or 16 percent. Four items have been added to the list of automotive parts that benefit from a reduced two percent duty, down from 14, 16, or 18 percent.
[
CAMEX Resolution 90/2017]
[
CAMEX Resolution 91/2017]
[
CAMEX Resolution 93/2017]
 
Separately
the tariff-rate quota on up to 1,000 tons of 3,4-dichlorophenyl isocyanate classified under NCM 2929.10.30 that was established in January 2017 has been rescinded. Accordingly, imports of subject goods will now be subject to a regular MFN rate of 14 percent.
[CAMEX Resolution 94/2017]
 
Changes to Mercosur common external tariff implemented
 
- artificial waxes and prepared waxes with a hydroxystearyl cetyl ether base classified under NCM
3404.90.22 – duty lowered from 14 percent to two percent
- reaction initiators, reaction accelerators, and catalytic preparations having rare earth oxides as an active substance classified under NCM 3815.90.99 – duty lowered from four percent to two percent
- caprylic acid classified under NCM 3823.19.10 – duty increased from two percent to 14 percent
- copolymer of potassium acrylate and acrylic acid, capable of absorbing distilled water up to 400 times its own weight, classified under NCM 3906.90.49 – duty lowered from 14 percent to two percent
- surface mounted device fixed resistors for a power handling capacity not exceeding 20 watts classified under 8533.21.20 – duty lowered from 16 percent to two percent
[
CAMEX Resolution 95/2017]
 
Automotive agreement with Colombia enters into force
The Brazilian government has issued a regulation to allocate the tariff-rate quotas for the exportation of motor vehicles to Colombia under a new trade agreement between Mercosur and that country. The agreement enhances market access conditions in Colombia for Brazilian motor vehicles as well as a range of textile and steel products.
[
Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade, and Services]
 
Duties increased on onions, medicaments
The import duty on certain medicaments containing duloxetine hydrochloride classified under NCM 3004.90.79 has been increased from zero to eight percent. The duty on onions classified under NCM 0703.10.19 has been increased from 10 percent to 25 percent through Dec. 31, 2018, but will be lowered to 20 percent during calendar year 2019 and 15 percent from Jan. 1, 2020.
[
CAMEX Resolution 98/2017]
 
Temporary preferential duty treatment granted
Brazil will provide preferential duty treatment for three or twelve months to imports of the following products.
 
- up to 10,000 tons of post-condensate polyethylene terephthalate with an intrinsic viscosity no lower than 0.98 dl/g and no higher than 1.10 dl/g, classified under NCM 3907.61.00 (two percent duty)
- up to 924 tons of certain digital inks for textile printing classified under NCM 3215.19.00 (two percent duty)
- up to 1,350 tons of nickel cathodes classified under NCM 3215.19.00 (two percent duty)
- up to 12,000 tons of dimethylamine classified under NCM 2921.11.21 (two percent duty)
- up to 350 tons black printing ink for digital textile printing classified under NCM 3215.11.00 (two percent duty)
- up to 156,531 tons of unroasted malt, whole or broken, classified under NCM 1107.10.10 (two percent duty)
- up to 180,000 tons of p-Xilene classified under NCM 2902.43.00 (duty free)

- up to 50,000 tons of frozen sardines classified under NCM 0303.53.00 (duty-free)
[
CAMEX Resolution 97/2017]
[CAMEX Resolution 98/2017]
 
Provisional AD duties imposed on grinding bodies for milling applications
For six months from Dec. 21, AD duties of US$359.16 or US$481.81 per ton will apply to grinding bodies for milling applications of cast iron or chromium-bonded steel containing (a) 17.6 to 22 percent chromium and having a diameter of 57 to 64 millimeters, (b) 22 to 28 percent chromium and having a diameter of 11 to 28 mm, or (c) 28 to 32 percent chromium and having a diameter of 22 to 35 mm, classified under NCM 7325.91.00, from India. This measure will be in place for six months from Dec. 21.
[
CAMEX Resolution 96/2017]
 
 

Chile

 
Comprehensive FTA with Indonesia signed
Once the agreement is implemented Indonesia will gradually provide duty-free treatment to 86 percent of Chilean tariff lines, accounting for 93 percent of all Chilean exports to Indonesia in 2016. Indonesia will also provide a duty reduction of 25 percent or 50 percent to an additional 6.2 percent of Chilean tariff lines. Chile will provide immediate duty-free treatment to 78 percent of Indonesian tariff lines and will gradually phase out its duties on an additional 12 percent.
[
General Directorate for International Economic Relations]
 
Temporary duty reductions on wheat and wheat flour extended
For the period Dec. 16, 2017, through Feb. 15, 2018, wheat importers will be able to temporarily deduct US$45.58 per ton from the total duty owed on these goods (calculated using the regular six percent duty rate), while wheat flour importers will be able to deduct US$71.10 per ton.
[
Exempt Decree 549/2017]
 
 

Colombia

 
AD actions on steel products
- 15 percent AD duty to be imposed for six months from Dec. 19 on galvanized steel stranded wire, pre-stressed concrete steel stranded wire, and steel cables classified under HTSCO 7312.10.9000 from China
[
Resolution 220/2017]
- renewal for three years of AD duty order on flat-rolled galvanized steel sheet classified under HTSCO 7210.49.0000 from China (47.62 percent AD duty)
[
Resolution 226/2017]
 
 

Ecuador

 
Trade agreement with EFTA expected in first quarter of 2018
The fifth round of negotiations on a comprehensive agreement of commercial association with the four-member European Free Trade Association was held Dec. 11-15 and saw the completion of chapters on intellectual property, competition, dispute settlement, and market access for agricultural and non-agricultural goods.
[
Andes]
 
 

Mexico

 
New standards for electronic products, IT equipment under consideration
Mexico is seeking input by Feb. 16 and Feb. 17, respectively, on separate proposals to establish new mandatory safety requirements and test methods for (1) information technology, related equipment, and office equipment (PROY-NOM-019-SCFI-2016) and (2) electronic products (PROY-NOM-001-SCFI-2017). The new requirements would enter into force 180 days from the date of publication of a final regulation in Mexico’s official journal.
[
Proposal issued Dec. 18]
[
Proposal issued Dec. 19]
 
AD actions on plastic balloons, bond paper
- preliminary AD duty of US$37.8 per kilogram on Chinese metallized plastic balloons classified under HTSMX 9503.00.23 and 9505.90.99
[
Resolution issued Dec. 5]
- new proceeding to determine whether imports of bond paper in coils from Brazil are circumventing the AD duty order on cut bond paper classified under HTSMX 4802.56.01 and 4823.90.99 from that country
[
Resolution issued Dec. 18]
 
 

Peru

 
New commission tasked with facilitating international trade
The commission will seek to strengthen coordination between government agencies with trade-related regulatory functions in an effort to promote in a consensual manner all necessary mechanisms, actions, and tools to achieve meaningful trade facilitation, in line with Peru’s commitments under the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement. Among other things, the commission is expected to encourage the implementation of actions to expedite customs clearance and reduce and simplify trade-related administrative burdens.
[
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism]
 
New import requirements for bovine embryos, mammals from the U.S.
Imports must be accompanied by an official sanitary certificate issued by the relevant U.S. authorities and comply with certain other requirements.
[
R.D. Nº 0031-2017-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
[
R.D. Nº 0032-2017-MINAGRI-SENASA-DSA]
 
Provisional AD duties on Chinese slide fasteners expire
Until Dec. 18, slide fasteners and parts thereof classified under HTSPE 9607.11.0000, 9607.19.0000, and 9607.20.0000 from China that were below a certain price faced AD duties ranging from US$3.00 to US$5.76 per kilogram.
[
Resolution Nº 258-2017/CDB-INDECOPI]
 
 

Uruguay

 
Japan to lift 17-year ban on imports of beef from Uruguay
The ban was imposed in 2000 following an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease but Japanese officials recently determined that sufficient safeguards are in place at Uruguayan farms and meat processing facilities.
[
The Japan Times]