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Latin America Trade Bulletin: Trade Facilitation, Autos, Duty-Free Imports

2/22/2018
 

Argentina

 
Argentina ratifies WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
The TFA contains provisions for expediting the movement, release, and clearance of goods, including goods in transit. It also sets out measures for effective cooperation between customs and other appropriate authorities on trade facilitation and customs compliance issues and contains provisions for technical assistance and capacity building in this area. The TFA entered into force Feb. 22, 2017, following its ratification by two-thirds of the WTO membership.

[Ministry of Foreign Relations]
 
Indonesia approves imports of additional Argentine agricultural products
Effective for three years beginning April 11, Indonesia will recognize Argentina’s food safety control system for grapes, onions, garlic, cranberries, cherries, grapefruit, wheat, corn, corn meal, oranges, tangerines, soybeans, lemons, nectarines, peaches, and pears.
[
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto]
 
Argentina signs agreement to expand agricultural exports to Russia
The Russian government has approved Argentina’s phytosanitary certification for fresh fruits, sunflower seeds, and potatoes and opened its market to certain Argentinean poultry products. Moscow also approved 28 Argentine fishing companies to export to Russia and clarified the registration process of biotechnological events for soybean meal exports.
[
SENASA]
 
Argentina reopens allocation of quota on exports of canned peaches to Mexico
[
Boletin Oficial]
 
AD actions on denim fabric, flags and paving, suits and jackets, transformers, tableware, slide fasteners
- new AD duty investigation of cotton denim fabric classified under NCM 5208.43.00, 5209.42.10, 5209.42.90, 5209.49.00, 5210.49.10, 5211.42.10, 5211.42.90, and 5211.49.00 from Brazil, China, and Peru
[
Resolution 82/2018]
- issuance of AD duty orders on ceramic flags and paving classified under NCM 6907.21.00 from Brazil (AD duties of 10.06 percent or 48.2 percent), China (27.7 percent), India (75.8 percent), Malaysia (32.0 percent), and Vietnam (31.15 percent)
[
Resolution 77/2018]
- rescission of
AD duty order on finished or semi-finished men’s and boys’ woven suits, ensembles, and suit-type jackets and blazers, excluding ensembles used for medical purposes, from China
[Resolution 88/2018]
- termination of AD duty investigation of three-phase liquid dielectric transformers from India
[
Resolution 76/2018]
- negative determinations of circumvention of AD duty orders on porcelain tableware, kitchenware, and other articles from China and slide fasteners and parts thereof from China
[
Disposition 11/2018]
[Disposition 12/2018]
 

Brazil

 
GM plans new Brazil facility to become global export platform
A senior company official said GM is committed to the expansion of product lines at the new facility with a view toward turning it into a global export platform. Trade minister Marcos Jorge affirmed that the government’s goal is to help the domestic industry reach international production standards to insert Brazil into global value chains.
[
Marco Trade]
 
Duty-free treatment for certain pesticides maintained, other trade measures announced
Imports of various pesticides classified under NCM 3808.91.99, 3808.92.99, and 3808.93.29 (i.e., fipronil, chlorpyriphos, imidacloprid, methomyl, carbendazim, and tebuthiuron) will continue to benefit from duty-free treatment, the import duty on natural rubber classified under NCM 4001.22.00 and 4001.29.20 will remain at four percent, and the definition of services exports and other provisions have been revised in an effort to enhance access to official export credit support mechanisms.
[
Foreign Trade Chamber (CAMEX)]
 
 

Chile

 
Temporary duty reductions on wheat and wheat flour extended
For the period Feb. 16 through April 15 wheat importers will be able to deduct US$54.17 per ton from the total duty owed on these goods (calculated using the regular six percent duty rate) and wheat flour importers will be able to deduct US$84.50 per ton
[
Exempt Decree 58/2018]
 
 

Colombia

 
Duty-free treatment for raw materials and capital goods expanded
Colombia has added 407 tariff lines to, and removed 146 from, the list of raw materials and capital goods that may be imported free of duty. Additions to the list include various pesticides, lime, ferronickel, copper bars and profiles, zinc, scales, radar equipment, taximeters, prefabricated buildings, operating tables, printing inks, electrical insulators, elevators, and salt for cattle. The new list includes a total of 3,650 tariff lines benefiting a range of domestic sectors.

[Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism]
 
Price undertaking under consideration in AD probe of cotton woven fabrics from China
The minimum CIF price under this price agreement would be set at US$4.30/kg.

Resolution 24/2018
 
 

Ecuador

 
Legal challenge launched against customs oversight fee for importers
Implemented Nov. 13, 2017, the fee is calculated by multiplying US$0.10 by a figure obtained by dividing the declared net weight per item in grams and a control unit in grams. The revenue collected through this new fee will ostensibly be used by Ecuadorian Customs to ensure compliance with all applicable regulations prior to, during, and after the completion of the import process.
[
Ecuadorian Customs]
 
 

Mexico

 
Government and customs brokers will work to expedite imports of food and drug inputs
Mexico’s Federal Commission for Protection Against Sanitary Risk (COFEPRIS) has signed a cooperation agreement with the Confederation of Associations of Mexican Customs Brokers aimed at further streamlining the process of importing and exporting food, beverage, drug, and other related inputs.
[
COFEPRIS]
 

Agreement to prevent illicit trade in cultural goods with Colombia takes effect Feb. 16
Decree issued Feb. 16, 2018
 
 

Peru

 
Commission tasked with facilitating trade begins operations
Led by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, the commission will seek to strengthen coordination between government agencies with trade-related regulatory functions in an effort to promote all necessary mechanisms, actions, and tools to achieve meaningful trade facilitation, in line with Peru’s commitments under the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. Among other things, the commission is expected to encourage the implementation of actions to expedite customs clearance and reduce and simplify trade-related administrative burdens.

[Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism]
 
Peru signs FTA with Australia
More than 96 percent of Peruvian exports will enter Australia duty-free once the agreement enters into force, a figure that will rise to nearly 100 percent after four years. Peru’s primary exports to Australia in 2016 were in the agricultural (52 percent), textile (16 percent), and non-metal mining (9 percent) industries.
[
Mincetur]